|Product Name:||CYTIDINE 5'-DIPHOSPHOCHOLINE|
|Synonyms:||CITICOLINE;CYTIDINE 5'-DIPHOSPHOCHOLINE;CYTIDINE DIPHOSPHATE
Citicoline Sodium, also known as cytidine diphosphate-choline
(CDP-Choline) & cytidine 5'-diphosphocholine is a
psychostimulant/nootropic. It is an intermediate in the generation
of phosphatidylcholine from choline. Studies suggest that
CDP-choline supplements increase dopamine receptor densities, and
suggest that CDP choline supplementation helps prevent memory
impairment resulting from poor environmental conditions.Preliminary
research has found that citicoline supplements help improve focus
and mental energy and may possibly be useful in the treatment of
attention deficit disorder.
Citicoline(CDP Choline) is a precursor of phosphatidylcholine. As a
type of phospholipid, phosphatidylcholine is an important component
of cell membranes. When taken orally, Citicoline(CDP Choline) is
metabolized to yield the free nucleotide,uridine and choline.
Uridine and choline cross the blood-brain barrier,become
incorporated into brain membrane phospholipids and increase the
production of neurotransmitters in the central nervous system,
including the synthesis of acetylcholine, noradrenaline and
dopamine. In the brain, Citicoline(CDP Choline) stabilizes the cell
membranes and inhibits the formation of cytotoxic free fatty acids.
1. Citicoline Sodium is a brain chemical that occurs naturally in
2. As a medicine, Citicoline is taken by mouth as a supplement or
given by IV or as a shot.
3. Citicoline Sodium is used for Alzheimer's disease and other
types of dementia, head trauma, cerebrovascular disease such as
stroke, age-related memory loss, Parkinson's disease, and glaucoma.
CITICOLINE AND DOPAMINE
CDP Choline encourages dopamine release through tyrosine
hydroxylase activity. Citicoline is a dopamine agonist and
contributes to overall levels of dopamine by inhibiting dopamine
reuptake. It has been studied in a combination therapy with L-DOPA
medication in Parkinson's patients. The combination of Citicoline
and L-DOPA increases the positive results in Parkinson's patients.
CITICOLINE AND HORMONES
Citicoline has effects on hormone levels. It has been shown to
raise Adrenocorticotropic hormonewithout raising the amount of
stress hormones. These effects allow for a raise is HPA axis
hormones without the excess stimulation of stress hormones. HPA
axis hormones include anabolic and signalizing hormones like Growth
Hormone or Thyroid Stimulating Hormone. These hormones have an
obvious health benefit to both males and females.
CDP CHOLINE VS. ALPHA GPC VS. CHOLINE BITATRATE
Choosing an Acetylcholine booster to go with your racetam stack is
recommended. The effects of an Acetylcholine booster when combined
with a racetam may be amplified. Citicoline and Alpha GPC both are
superior to choline salts like Choline Bitatrate. Choline Bitatrate
will also help potentiate the effects of racetams but is unlikely
to achieve nootropic results when taken alone.
The method of action of Alpha GPC and Citicoline are completely
different but both will lead to similar results. Both supplements
will contribute to overall mental performance. The dosages and
prices of both are very similar. Nootropic effects of both
supplements are also very similar. Neuroprotection and vasodilation
is seen in both supplements. Alpha GPC and Citicoline both seem to
increase overall Growth Hormone levels slightly. In the end, which
of these Acetylcholine sources you choose will come down to
|Pramiracetam||Choline Bitartrate||Memantine HCL|
|Oxiracetam||Coluracetam(MKC 231)||PRL-8-53 HCL|
|Pikamilone sodium salt||Fladrafinil||Rivastigmine|
|2-Dimethylaminoethanol (+)-bitartrate salt/DMAE/ L-Bitartrate||Hordenine HCl||Sulbutiamine|
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1. Legal status in the United States
Adrafinil is easily available from supplement shops in the USA
while Modafinil requires a prescription. That’s to say, adrafinil,
unlike Modafinil, is not regulated in the United States of America
and may privately be purchased without the need of a doctor’s
2. Side effects comparison
The side effects of Modafinil are similar to those listed for
Adrafinil. Here we discover that Modafinil is far safer than
Adrafinil for in a long period. The explanation for this is simple
that Modafinil is not metabolized in the liver in the same way that
Adrafinil is. Actually, when Adrafinil reaches your liver, the
enzymes present actually convert this drug into Modafinil. It is
this conversion process which puts stress on the organ and may lead
to hepatoxicity. Because Modafinil does not get converted in the
same manner, it does not come with the same risk of side effects.
Consequently, Modafinil may be safer than Adrafinil in the long
3. Potency and speed
Adrafinil is first metabolized into modafinil in the liver.
However, the metabolite takes around thirty minutes to one hour to
accumulate to active levels in the bloodstream when taken orally
before eating anything. Because of the additional processing,
Adrafinil takes longer time to take effect than Modafinil.
Aniracetam is a Nootropic supplement which was developed in the
1970’s by the Hoffman-La Roche
(Belgium) company. This supplement is also part of a class known as
Racetams, which are particularly
noted for their ability to help increase and improve a number of
cognitive processes. Aniracetam also
exhibits anxiolytic properties and enhances mood alongside memory
and focus. This supplement has
been well-studied for a number of years and is known to be
generally very well-tolerated with minor side
effects and a very low level of toxicity. However, before embarking
on a supplementation program with
Aniracetam powder it can be helpful to understand what the benefits
are, how this supplement actually
works, potential stacks, side effects, etc.
The main benefits of Aniracetam are related to improved mental
performance. This includes an increase
in memory and possibly even enhanced learning capacity. This may
actually occur differently in each
person; some will see strong effects and begin remembering
everything while others may just simply begin remembering small and subtle details.